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Special Section

REMEMBERING 9-11: 9.11 Timeline

REMEMBERING 9-11: 9.11 Timeline
South Tower Impact. Courtesy of 9/11 Memorial Museum. Photograph by Roberto Rabanne. From The Roberto Rabanne Archive.

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September 7, 2011
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Courtesy National September 11 Memorial & Museum with other

content added.


Hijackers pass security screening

Hijackers Mohammed Atta and Abdulaziz

al Omari pass through security at Portland

International Jetport in Maine. They board a

shuttle flight to Boston’s Logan International

Airport, where they connect to Los Angelesbound

American Airlines Flight 11.

Atta will pilot Flight 11 on its lethal course

into the North Tower of the World Trade

Center. Four hijackers physically subdue

passengers and crew so that Atta can breach

the cockpit and kill or disable the two

American Airlines pilots.

Over the next hour and a half, seventeen

other hijackers clear security checks at

Logan Airport, Newark International

Airport, and Washington Dulles Airport.

All presumably carry knives, box cutters or

other concealed weapons on their person

or in carry-on luggage. Although eight are

tagged for additional screening and a gate

agent flags two as suspicious, none are

prevented from boarding their intended



American Airlines Flight 11 takes off

from Logan Airport in Boston, MA, 14

minutes behind its scheduled departure

Seventy-six passengers, 11 crewmembers

and five hijackers board Flight 11. In

industry terms, the Los Angeles-bound flight

is “riding heavy,” stocked with up to 68,400

pounds of fuel for its transcontinental run.

Al Qaeda terrorists hijack the plane at

approximately 8:14 am and reroute it

towards Manhattan, using the Hudson River

as a navigational guide.


United Airlines Flight 175 takes off

from Logan Airport in Boston, MA,

also 14 minutes behind its scheduled


Fifty-one passengers, nine crewmembers,

and five hijackers board Los Angelesbound

Flight 175.

Al Qaeda terrorists hijack the plane at

approximately 8:45 am and reroute it

towards Manhattan.


American Flight 11 Crew

Contact Airline

Veteran flight attendants Betty Ann Ong

and Madeline “Amy” Sweeney, with a

combined 26 years of experience, alert

ground personnel to the hijacking of

Flight 11. They stay on the line for almost

the entire duration of the flight after

its seizure by the terrorists, relaying key

details about the attack such as the

hijackers’ seat numbers and report that

the crew is unable to contact the cockpit.

Acting on Ong and Sweeney’s information,

American Airlines alerts the FBI,

jumpstarting the investigation that will

become the largest in the agency’s history.

According to Sweeney, the crew attends

to the safety of the passengers, providing

medical care to those injured in the



Flight 77 Takes Off

American Airlines Flight 77, en route to

Los Angeles, departs Washington Dulles

International Airport ten minutes delayed.


Hijacker Mohammed Atta on Flight 11

Mistakenly Contacts Air Traffic Control

Minutes later, he makes a second

unintended transmission.


Air Traffic Control Contacts

the Military

After hearing Atta’s transmission, air traffic

controllers contact Northeast Air Defense

Sector (NEADS), a division of the military

that defends North American airspace, to

report the hijacking.


Flight 93 Takes Off

United Airlines Flight 93 departs Newark

International Airport after a lengthy air

traffic delay on the tarmac. Flight 93 was

scheduled to leave Newark at 8:00 am,

within minutes of the other hijacked



Crash of Flight 11

Flying the plane at about 470 miles per hour,

hijackers crash Flight 11 into floors 93-99,instantly killing the 87 passengers and crew

on board and unknown hundreds within

the tower.

The crash starts fires throughout the North

Tower and funnels jet fuel down elevator

shafts, igniting fireballs at the lobby and

below-grade levels and burning anyone

coming into contact with this combusting


The impact severs all three emergency

stairwells, trapping 100’s in and above the

impact zone.

Investment firm Fred Alger Management

and professional services company Marsh

& McClennan have offices in the impact

zone. Thirty-five Alger employees and 295

Marsh employees perish in the attack. Carr

Futures’ 69 employees, at work on the 92nd

floor directly below the impact zone, also

perish. Trapped by debris, they are unable to


Bond trading firm Cantor Fitzgerald, floors

101-105, suffers the single largest loss of life,

658 employees.

“I could see the big

airline coming straight

towards us.”

-- Constance Labetti, AON,

South Tower, 99th Floor

“So I stood up and I just turned

my body towards the window and

I could see the big airline coming

straight towards us. It looked like it

was coming towards us. Didn’t look

like the plane was in any kind of

duress. It was going straight towards

what I thought was our building,

but in actuality Tower 1 was right

in front of us. I just stood frozen. I

didn’t move -- I couldn’t move. I just

stood at the window.

I could see it coming closer and

closer. I could see their “AA”

[American Airlines] on its tail. I

could see the cockpit. I could

see inside the cockpit, the tinted

windows of the cockpit, that’s how

close I was.

(Sigh) I could see on the side some

of the windows of-of the passengers

were pulled down, and then it just

bellowed into Tower 1. And, for

a moment, just for that moment,

I almost sighed with relief until I

realized (pause) all those people that

had just [been] killed in that Tower.”


Emergency Services Mobilized

The Fire Department of New York (FDNY)

and New York Police Department (NYPD)

dispatch units to the World Trade Center

within seconds of Flight 11’s crash.

On site, Port Authority Police Department

(PAPD) officers begin evacuating the North

Tower. PAPD headquarters in Jersey City,

New Jersey dispatches additional officers

from other command posts to the World

Trade Center.

In July 2001, the Port Authority of New

York and New Jersey, long-

time managers

of the World Trade Center, agreed to lease

the buildings to real estate developer Larry

Silverstein. On September 11, 2001, both

Port Authority and Silverstein Properties

staff are in the building working on the

transition. Their expert knowledge of the

towers helps Port Authority fire safety,

building and security staff coordinate the


“...People who were

coming down ...very

badly burned -- no skin,

no hair, just burned.”

-- Bruno Dellinger, Quint Amasis,

North Tower, 47th Floor

“When I arrived at the sky lobby

level there were, uh, masses of

people waiting to the elevators.

And for some reason I decided to

go back into the stairwell. And the

heat was just like, quite intense...

The intensity of the warning signs,

like the sound of the alarms, it

was really like ah pounding you...

Anyway, so we went down and

people were very calm.

There were three flows of people.

The regular people like me going

down. The people who were

coming down from the other floors

and who were very badly burned

-- no skin, no hair, just burned.

...They were walking or carried

down by people; helped by people.

Screams were coming down

from the stairwell, ‘Emergency!

Emergency!’ ...And then the

third flow of people was of course

those security personnel and fire

department people. Now those

people were exhausted. In some of

those eyes, and you could see that

they knew something, and it was

dangerous. They knew something.

While there was no panic

whatsoever in the stairwell, those

people were concentrated, focused

on doing their job. And while I was

walking down, they were going up to

their death. And I was walking down

to live.”


President Bush is Alerted Around This

Time While Visiting an Elementary

School in Sarasota, Florida


South Tower Tenants Instructed to

Remain in the Building

“Your attention, please, ladies and gentlemen.

Building 2 is secure. There is no need to

evacuate Building 2. If you are in the midst of

evacuation, you may use the re-entry doors

and the elevators to return to your office.

Repeat, Building 2 is secure.”8:59am

On Board Flight 175

As hijacked Flight 175 approaches the

World Trade Center, crewmembers and

passengers manage to contact loved ones

and authorities on the ground.

At 8:59 am, Flight 175 passenger Brian

David Sweeney, 38, leaves a message for

his wife Julie. He then calls his mother,

Luise, to report the hijacking, telling her

that the passengers are considering

storming the cockpit to wrest control from

the hijackers.

Brian began the flight in the first row of

coach, but makes his calls from a GTE

airphone located in one of the last rows of

the plane.

Machine: BEEP. Message 1

“Hi Jules, this is Brian. - Listen I’m on an

airplane that’s been hijacked. If things don’t

go well, it’s not looking good, I just want you

to know I absolutely love you. I want you to

do good, go have some good times. Same to

my parents and everybody. And I just totally

love you and I will see you when you get

there. Bye babe. I’ll try to call you.” (Message

courtesy of Julie Sweeney Roth.)


South Tower Evacuation Order

“May I have your attention, please.

Repeating this message the situation

occurred in Building 1 [North Tower]. If the

conditions warrant on your floor, you may

wish to start an orderly evacuation.”

-- Port Authority Statement


Crash of Flight 175

Hijackers, flying the plane at 590 miles per

hour, crash Flight 175 into floors 77 to 85

of the World Trade Center’s South Tower,

instantly killing the 60 passengers and

crew and unknown hundreds within the


The impact severs two of three emergency

stairwells and most of the elevator cables,

trapping many inside elevator cars, and

cutting off escape routes.

Despite being choked with rubble,

Stairwell A remains passable. However,

only eighteen people at or above the

impact zone are known to have evacuated

using this stairway.

“We felt and heard a

loud noise.”

-- Constance Labetti, AON,

South Tower, 99th Floor

“I think I got to the 72nd floor,

75th floor, when we heard -- we

felt and heard -- a loud noise. And

people in the stairs start to fall

down the stairs.

And what it felt like was that

some -- that Tower 1 -- this is

what I thought -- Tower 1 had

collapsed onto our building.

It felt like somebody took the

building shook it and put it back

down in its place.

I was holding onto the banisters

really tight so I didn’t fall but a

lot of people on the staircase were

tumbling down. What evidently

happened was our building had

just been hit.”

“Am I gonna have to


-- Florence Jones, Thomson

Baseline, South Tower

“I literally thought for a moment,

‘cause he tried to open the door,

and all you could feel was the heat

of the fire.

I was like, oh gosh, am I gonna

have to jump, because I wasn’t

gonna wait for the firemen. Was

I gonna have to do what I just

saw people doing.

And I remember him running back

across the floor and grabbing my

jacket saying, ‘Let’s go, let’s go.’”


President Bush is alerted that a second

plane has crashed into the South Tower

of the World Trade Center

The President now knows that the country is

under attack, but information is scarce.


Increasing Response

The NYPD calls a second Level 4

Mobilization, bringing its total

deployment close to 2,000 men and women.

Minutes later, the FDNY issues a second

fifth alarm. Other companies and off-duty

personnel, not directly called, respond to the


In total, more than 200 fire units,

approximately 2,200 police officers, and

numerous others from city and federal

agencies responded to the disaster scene at

the World Trade Center.

When their vehicle becomes stuck in traffic,

Firefighter Gary R. Box, 37, and others from

the FDNY’s elite Squad 1 run through the

Brooklyn Battery Tunnel to the World Trade

Center. His picture on page 8 was taken

shortly after the crash of Flight 175.

Squad 1 loses 11 members on 9/11,

including Firefighter Box.

On the morning of 9/11, Port Authority“Couldn’t imagine these

firefighters going up there

into God knows what.”

-- Constance Labetti, AON,

South Tower, 99th Floor

“Then the firefighters started to

come up and they would holler,

‘Move to the right! Move to the

right!’ I think it was probably about

the 40th floor when the firefighters

started to come up.

And I remember thinking they’re

-- they’re gonna climb all the way

up to 80? I mean how- how are

they gonna do that? A few people

clapped, a few people wished

them blessings.

-- God blessings and a few people

patted them on the shoulders.

People shouted out to go to

the 65th floor where there’s a

handicap person or to -- giving

them information. And they just

were stone faced, just looked

straight ahead; they really didn’t

show much emotion. Couldn’t

imagine these firefighters going up

there into God knows what.”


Flight 93 hijackers accidentally

transmit a message intended for the


“Ladies and Gentlemen: Here the Captain,

please sit down, keep remaining sitting. We

have a bomb onboard. So, sit.”

-- One of the hijackers of Flight 93


Vice President Cheney Evacuated

From White House Office

Secret Service agents evacuate U.S. Vice

President Dick Cheney and his aides

from his office in the White House to the

Presidential Emergency Operations Center,

a Cold War-era bunker beneath the White



Crash of Flight 77

Hijackers crash Flight 77 into the

Pentagon’s western facade, killing the 59

passengers and crew on board the plane

and 125 military and civilian personnel

inside the building. A hundred and six are

severely injured in the ensuing fire.

Loaded with 36,200 lbs of jet fuel, Flight 77

ignites an inferno inside the Pentagon.

The Pentagon’s on-site firehouse responds

immediately to the crash of Flight 77.

Firefighters from nearby National Airport

(with a foam truck designed to fight jet

fuel fires) and Virginia’s Arlington County

Fire Department arrive within minutes.

Many civilian employees and military

personnel evacuate the building

shortly after the impact, while others

felt compelled to rush into the burning

building to rescue trapped and injured


A Pentagon security camera captures

the crash of Flight 77 into the building’s

western facade. At the time of impact, the

hijacked plane flew at 530 miles per hour.“I was blown through

the air...”

-- John Yates, Army civilian

security manager, Pentagon

“Everything I touched burned my

hands... I just started crawling

on my hands and knees... I

realized how badly I was hurt,

because as I was walking I

looked down at my hands and I

remember seeing just strings of

skin... A doctor [was] saying, ‘He

goes first...’”

“The only noise was

the crackling of flames

and it was just sheer


-- Louise Rogers, civilian

accountant, Pentagon


National Ground Stop

The Federal Aviation Authority (FAA)

grounds all flights over, or bound for,

the continental United States. The U.S.

Department of Transportation allowed

national airspace to open and flights to

resume two days later on September 13,

2001 at 11:00am EST.


White House and U.S. Capitol


Throughout the morning, officials

evacuate high-profile buildings,

government offices, landmarks, and public

spaces in response to rumors of escalating



Fight for Flight 93

Flight 93’s passengers are

believed to have collectively voted

to mount a counterattack against the


Twelve of Flight 93’s 40 passengers and

crew manage to alert loved ones and

authorities to the plane’s hijacking. At least

five learn about the attacks on the World

Trade Center or the Pentagon.


South Tower of World Trade

Center Collapses

After burning for 56 minutes, the South

Tower collapses in 10 seconds, killing

hundreds of workers and first responders in

the building and surrounding area.

As the South Tower collapses dust and

debris engulfs the streets near the World

Trade Center. Many flee, seeking shelter in

surrounding buildings.

When the World Trade Center towers

collapse, huge pieces of the steel facade fall

to the earth, causing enormous damage to

nearby buildings and significant loss of life.

“We entered the stairway B, which

was the core stairway in the [North

Tower] building, which we were

using as our attack stairs. ...

The building [started] shaking,

really noticeably shaking, and

I thought maybe, you know, the

elevator was coming down the

shafts, maybe they cut loose. I

didn’t know what was going on,

but I was holding on, and I was a

little concerned about this. And

then it stopped, and that was the

South Tower going down, I found

out later.” -FDNY Lt. Mickey Kross,

Engine 16

Flight 93 Crater.

Courtesy of Flight 93 National Memorial.

“We’re going to rush

the hijackers.”

-- Jeremy Glick, last words to his

wife from an airphone on Flight 9310:03am

Crash of Flight 93

Hijackers roll Flight 93 side-to-side, rapidly

diving and climbing, in an attempt to knock

passengers and crew off balance as they

attempt to storm the cockpit.

Eyewitnesses on the ground report the

aircraft’s erratic flight, ending with the sound

of a crash.

To prevent passengers from retaking the

airplane, hijackers deliberately crash Flight

93 in a field in Somerset County,

Pennsylvania, killing all 40 passengers and


The crash site is approximately 20 minutes

flying time from Washington, DC.


Pentagon E Ring Collapses

The damaged section of the Pentagon’s

outermost offices, known as the E Ring,

collapses. No rescue workers are injured.

Several times throughout the morning,

speculation and misinformation about

additional hijacked planes cause the

cessation of rescue operations and

evacuation of emergency workers.

While the rescue effort continues, many

Department of Defense (DoD) employees

return to work in the unaffected half of the

Pentagon. The National Military Command

Center (NMCC), located on the far side of

the Pentagon, coordinates the US military

response to the 9/11 attacks. NMCC officers

initiate a conference call with federal

and military responders that continues

throughout the day.


North Tower of World Trade

Center Collapses

The North Tower collapses after burning for

102 minutes, killing 100’s of people in the

building and the surrounding area.

Of the 16,000 to 19,000 people in the North

and South Towers of the World Trade Center

on 9/11, the vast majority are evacuated

safely. By the end of the day, all seven

buildings at the World Trade Center were


“Well it was probably a half

hour later that I heard the same

rumblings coming down. And that

was from the North Tower. I said,

‘Oh jeez here we go again.’ I said

‘you know, what’s the chance ofme surviving the second collapse?

I don’t know, not too good.’ I

wanted to run like hell myself

down the stairwell that I was

sending all those people down.

But unfortunately I said, ‘I can’t

run that fast. This thing is gonna

to beat me out.’ So what I did was

I made it down about three or four

stairs and there was a little bit of

a landing that was there and I just

basically positioned myself there

with a couple of the other guys.

I said ‘Guys grab the wall. You

know we’re going to do that

same thing we did for the first

collapse and I’m sure that we’re

going to make it. You know,

we’re gonna be fine.’ So we

grabbed the wall again but this

time it seemed like the collapse

lasted forever.

The whole ground was shaking.

Nothing was on fire by me, but

still the blinding smoke, but I

was at the base of the smoke, I

couldn’t run anywhere. The smoke

was all around me and all the

debris and the cloud -- the cloud

of dust. It wasn’t really so much

smoke but it was the dust cloud

that was coming down. It was

choking -- it really was. I was like

oh my God; it was the closest to

dying that I ever thought about.

There were the loud noises that

kept coming down from all the Ibeams

that were falling down all

around us. And (pause) you know,

eventually, what seemed -- and

it was only a few seconds -- it

seemed like a few hours, it finally

ended and the smoke had cleared.

It was a little bit better because

we weren’t buried this time like

we were for the first collapse, but

still it was an awful ride.” - Officer

David Brink, NYPD ESU (Survived

both towers collapsing)

Evacuation of Lower Manhattan

New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani calls

for the evacuation of all residents, workers

and tourists from lower Manhattan.

All of lower Manhattan south of 14th Street

from the Hudson River to the East River

is officially closed to all but emergency

personnel, creating an area known as the

“frozen zone.”

Throngs of people crowd onto streets,

highways, and bridges to evacuate lower

Manhattan. Many walk north or across

bridges to Brooklyn.

Thousands leave the island of Manhattan by

boat in one of the largest water evacuations

since World War II.


The President arrives at Barksdale Air

Force Base

President Bush orders Air Force One to land

at Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana,

where he makes his first televised remarks

about the unfolding events. “The resolve of

our great nation is being tested,” he says.

“But make no mistake, we will show the

world that we will pass this test. God bless.”

Although the President wants to return

to Washington, DC, those protecting him

deem this unsafe. Air Force One heads

towards Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska,

home of the U.S. Strategic Command,

where Bush uses their underground secure

communications network to confer with the

White House, the Pentagon, the CIA, and the

FBI. Although his staff will prepare for him

to address the nation from the bunker, the

President ultimately will insist on returning

to the nation’s capital.


American Airspace Cleared

The last commercial flight above the

continental United States lands.

In total, air traffic controllers guide over

4,000 commercial and private planes to

airports throughout the United States and

in Canada. Local authorities and residents

create ad-hoc plans to provide food and

shelter to stranded travelers.

“I heard this very, very loud noise

above me. It was just a tremendous

roar. It was above. It sounded like

it was coming towards, towards

you. And then the wind, very, very

fierce wind. It started lifting me up

off the ground and so that’s when I

crouched down, the next thing -- I

just crouched down. I got to the

corner of the staircase by the railing

and I just got as small as I could

possibly get, cause I’m not a big

guy to begin with so and I literally

-- (sigh) -- I guess the best way to

describe it, I tried to crawl into my

fire helmet, that’s what I wanted to

do just to protect myself. I wasn’t

sure what was going on, I thought

the building might be coming down

and I figured, uh, ok this could be

it. And I was a little angry you know

it was like ‘Damn it, why me? Why

you know it’s beautiful -- I’m going

to die in the World Trade Center

on a beautiful summer morning.’

I just like, it’s like a little denial

and disbelief sets in and... then I

started getting hit with stuff, you

know, it was just debris was hitting

me. It went dark and then the

next thing was just total silence.

Nothing. No wind. No noise. No

light. Nothing. And then I started

hearing noises, I started hearing

like moaning and guys were starting

to communicate, yell out. These

were the guys I was trapped with.

They’re calling out, ‘Who’s there?,’

‘You guys all right?,’ blah, blah,

blah, and this kind of thing. And I

realized I wasn’t alone, ‘cause when

you’re alone in a situation like that,

that’s like existential isolation, it

like - (laughs) I mean - and then you

find out you’re with other people

it makes you feel a lot better, even

though you know you’re in a very

bad situation at least there’s other

people. But then the strangest thing

happened, this beam of sunlight

came right in on us, like about

8 inches long, but it was clearlysunlight. It was all dirty and full of

debris and it looked like pepper was

floating around in it, sort of. But it

was sunlight, I’m like amazed now

(laughs) a 110 story building above

us and I’m looking up at the sun.”

- FDNY Lt. Mickey Kross, Engine 16


and Through

the Day

Response at the World Trade

Center Site

Throughout the afternoon, volunteers,

first responders, and construction workers

arrive at the site to search for survivors.

Firefighters, police officers, paramedics

and other emergency service workers

stream to the site to join in the firefight

and rescue efforts. Operations continue

around the clock.


FDNY Rescue Civilian Pasquale

Buzzelli is Rescued From Rubble of

Stairwell B at WTC site

Ultimately, only 18 people deeply

embedded in the debris pulled

themselves out or were rescued, including

14 who were together in the shaft of a

North Tower stairwell. The last survivor

was found only 26 hours after the towers



Collapse of 7 World Trade Center

Because lower Manhattan’s waterlines

have been compromised, the FDNY

cannot get water to fight the flames.

Adjacent to the North Tower, 7 World Trade

Center had suffered significant damage in

the collapse. Fires caused by the collapse

of 1 WTC lead to structural instability, and

ultimately, total collapse.

There are no casualties because the 47-

story tower had been evacuated that

morning. However, the fall of the building

sends first responders racing away from

the collapsing structure to save their own



Rescue Workers Locate Trapped

PAPD Officers

Rescuers locate PAPD Sgt. John

McLoughlin and Officer William Jimeno

in the debris of the World Trade Center.

They free Officer Jimeno after three

hours of dangerous tunneling work. Sgt.

McLoughlin’s rescue takes another eight


Rescue operations continue throughout

the night. Thousands of construction

workers, first responders, and selfdispatched

volunteers converge at

Ground Zero to search for survivors,

improvising bucket brigades to remove


Workers will extricate the eighteenth

survivor, Genelle Guzman, from the

remains of Stairwell B on the afternoon of

September 12. She will be the last person

rescued alive.


President George W. Bush

Addresses the Nation

Back in the White House, President Bush

addresses a shocked nation, praising the

strength of the nation in the face of the

overwhelming events. “Terrorist attacks

can ... shattered steel, but they cannot

dent the steel of American resolve,” he

says. “Today, our nation saw evil -- the

very worst of human nature -- and we

responded with the best of America. With

the daring of our rescue workers, with the

caring for strangers and neighbors who

came to give blood and help in any way

they could.”

President Bush visits and speaks with

rescue and recovery personnel at Ground

Zero on September 14, 2001. A National

Day of Prayer and Remembrance is


Rescue, Recovery and Rebuilding

Federal, state, and local officials initiated

rescue and/or recovery operations at all

three attack sites, supported by thousands

of first responders, ironworkers, engineers

and members of the building trades.

The attacks resulted in nearly 3,000

fatalities -- the largest loss of life from

a hostile attack by a foreign entity on

American soil. The Fire Department of

New York lost 346 members of its force,

the New York Police Department lost 23,

and the Port Authority Police Department

lost 37, the largest loss of emergency

responders in a single event in U.S. history.

At the three attack sites, days and weeks

-- and in New York City, months -- were

spent extinguishing fires, searching for

survivors and, ultimately, searching for

remains of the victims. It took nine months

to remove approximately 1.8 million tons

of debris from the World Trade Center site.

In the aftermath of 9/11, donations of

money and supplies poured in and

thousands of people volunteered their

help and support. Memorials, services

and vigils were held in New York City,

Washington, D.C., Pennsylvania, and all

over the world.

A federal fund compensated victims’

families and severely injured survivors.

Families of victims advocated for the

formation of the 9/11 Commission,

which investigated the attacks and

issued a report with analysis and


Advanced DNA technology continues to

be used to identify the remains of victims.

However, human remains have still not

been identified for approximately 40% of

the WTC victims.

Public and private sectors partnered to

support lower Manhattan’s recovery,

growth and revitalization, and worked to

balance the need to remember and honor

the victims with the need for a strong and

vibrant community.

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