Best foods for older diabetics
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The Savvy Senior
October 26, 2011 | 1008 views | Post a comment
Dear Savvy Senior,
My 62-year-old husband was just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. As the cook in the family, I’m interested in finding out the best diabetic foods that he should now be eating, and where I can put my hands on some good diabetic cookbooks. What can you tell me?
Eating healthy is important for everyone, but it’s even more important for the nearly 26 million Americans who have diabetes -- half of whom are over the age of 60. Here’s what you and your husband should know.
Diabetic Super Foods
A healthy diet, coupled with regular exercise and medication (if needed), are the keys to keeping your husband’s blood sugar under control. To help meet your husband’s new dietary needs, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) offers a list of top 10 super foods for type 1 and type 2 diabetics.
These are foods that contain nutrients that are vitally important to people with diabetes, such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, and vitamins A, C, and E. They’re also high in fiber which will help your husband feel full longer and keep his glycemic index low so his blood sugar won’t spike. And, they’ll help keep his blood pressure and cholesterol in check, which are also critical for diabetics. Here’s what they recommend he eat plenty of.
•Beans: Kidney, pinto, navy, black, and other types of beans are rich in nutrients and high in soluble fiber, which will keep his blood sugar steady and can help lower his cholesterol.
•Dark green leafy vegetables: Spinach, collard greens, mustard greens, kale, and other dark, leafy green veggies are nutrient-dense, low in calories and carbohydrates. Your husband can’t eat too much of these.
•Citrus fruits: Grapefruit, oranges, and other citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C, which helps heart health. Stick to whole fruits instead of juice. Fiber in whole fruit slows sugar absorption so your husband will get the citrus fruit nutrients without sending his blood sugar soaring.
•Sweet potatoes: High in vitamin A and fiber and low in glycemic index, sweet potatoes won’t raise your husband’s blood sugar at the same level as a regular potato.
•Berries: Whole, unsweetened blueberries, strawberries, and other berries are full of antioxidants, vitamins, and fiber. Choose fresh or frozen berries for salads, smoothies, or cereal.
•Tomatoes: Raw or cooked, this low-calorie super food offers vital nutrients like vitamin C, iron, and vitamin E. Serve sliced, steamed, broiled, or stewed, as a side dish, in salads, soups, casseroles, or other dishes.
•Fish with omega-3 fatty acids: Salmon, mackerel, herring, lake trout, sardines, and albacore tuna are high in omega 3 fatty acids that help both heart health and diabetes. But stay away from the breaded and deep fat fried variety.
•Whole grains: Pearled barley, oatmeal, breads, and other whole-grain foods are high in fiber and contain nutrients such as magnesium, chromium, folate, and omega 3 fatty acids.
•Nuts: An ounce of nuts can go a long way in providing your husband important “healthy fats” along with hunger management. They also contain a nice dose of magnesium and fiber, but don’t overdue it. Nuts are high in calories so a small handful each day is enough.
•Fat-free milk and yogurt: These dairy foods provide the calcium and vitamin D your husband needs, and they’ll also help curb cravings and between-meal snacks.
For additional information on healthy food choices for diabetics, including hundreds of free recipes, visit the ADA website at diabetes.org -- click on “Food & Fitness,” or call 1-800-342-2383 (press option 4) and ask them to mail you a copy of their free booklet “What Can I Eat?” The ADA also offers a wide variety of diabetic cookbooks that you can purchase through their online store at shopdiabetes.org or 1-800-232-6455.
Jim Miller is a contributor to the NBC “Today” show and author of The Savvy Senior book. Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit http://SavvySenior.org.