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Vesicular stomatitis detected in two horses in New Mexico
AUSTIN -- Vesicular stomatitis has recently been detected in two horses in New Mexico, according to a May 9 Texas Animal Health Commission press release. The U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed the infection of two horses in Otero County. This is the first detection of active vesicular stomatitis in the United States since 2010.
The horses were sampled after vesicular lesions were observed on both animals. Testing at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories confirmed the virus as the New Jersey serotype.
The original premise of five horses remains under quarantine. No new cases of vesicular stomatitis have been identified in the immediate area or elsewhere. There were 128 horses and 24 head of cattle examined on 18 premises by the New Mexico Livestock Board veterinarian and inspectors.
The Texas Animal Health Commission prohibits entry of animals from vesicular stomatitis quarantined premises, and also requires livestock to be accompanied by a valid certificate of veterinary inspection.
Vesicular stomatitis (VS) can cause blisters and sores in the mouth and on the tongue, muzzle, teats or hooves of horses, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, llamas and a number of other animals. Lesions usually will heal in two or three weeks. Because the signs of VS mimic those of foot-and-mouth disease, animal health officials strongly urge livestock owners and caretakers to report potential cases of VS to their private veterinary practitioner or state livestock health officials.
State officials encourage livestock owners to use the best means possible to limit exposure of their livestock to insect bites. It is theorized that insects are an important vector in the transmission of VS.
For more information on Texas entry requirements, visit http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/regs/entry.html or call 1-800-550-8242 and ask for the Permits Department.
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