Saturday, May 28, 2016
1012 C Street  •  Floresville, TX 78114  •  Phone: 830-216-4519  •  Fax: 830-393-3219  • 

WCN Site Search


Preview the Paper Preview the Paper

Preview this week's Paper
A limited number of pages are displayed in this preview.
Preview this Week’s Issue ›
Subscribe Today ›

Lost & Found


VideoLost: German mix, male, tip of one ear missing, micro chipped, last seen with blue collar and blue bone tag with name and house number. Call if found, 830-779-2512.
*Includes FREE photo online! mywcn.com/lostandfound

VideoMISSING TORTOISE from S. Palo Alto Dr. in Estates of Eagle Creek on May 17th. If you see him, please contact us @ (210) 913-4558 or (830) 393-4030.
More Lost & Found ads ›

Help Wanted

Shuttle Bus drivers needed, full-time and part-time, no experience needed. Good job tenure, clear criminal background/driving record required, $11.50-$12 DOE. Email sunny.myers@lkjordan.com. L.K. Jordan & Associates.
Caregivers needed. Call 830-625-0444.
More Help Wanted ads ›

Featured Videos





Video Vault ›
Richardson Chevrolet homeRE/MAX homeTNMC
You’ve been granted free access to this subscribers only article.

Section A: General News


Editorial: So much more than just gene differences between races




E-Mail this Story to a Friend
Print this Story
Thomas Sowell
Guest Editorial
May 1, 2013 | 1,204 views | Post a comment

During decades of watching both collegiate and professional football, I have seen hundreds of touchdowns scored by black players -- but not one extra point kicked by a black player.

Is this because blacks are genetically incapable of kicking a football or because racists won’t let blacks kick a football?

Most of us would consider either of these explanations ridiculous. Yet genes and discrimination were the predominant explanations of black-white differences offered by intellectuals in the 20th century.

It was genes that were the preferred explanation in the early decades of that century and discrimination in the later decades, as I show in my recent book, Intellectuals and Race.

The intelligentsia did not simply offer these as possible explanations among others. On the contrary, each was offered as the predominant, if not exclusive, explanation. Anyone who said otherwise risked being dismissed as a “sentimentalist” in the early 20th century or denounced as a “racist” in later years.

Out of such dogmatic insistence on some one-size-fits-all theory came racial quotas and “disparate impact” lawsuits in our times, based on the presumption that racial differences in outcomes show that somebody did somebody else wrong.

In earlier times, the prevailing theory was that differences in outcomes show that some races are inferior to others. This led to such things as eugenics and ultimately to the Holocaust.

In both eras, the prevailing theory flattered the egos of the intellectuals -- first as saviors of their race, and later as rescuers of victims of racism.

Among the alternative explanations of group differences that were ignored were geography, demography, and culture.

For example, people with the geographic handicap of living in isolated mountain valleys have seldom, if ever, produced world-class achievements that advanced science, technology, or philosophy. On the contrary, people in such places have almost invariably lagged behind the progress in the rest of the world -- including people of the very same race living on the plains below. Mountaineers were long noted for their poverty and backwardness in countries around the world, especially in the millennia before modern transportation and communication eased their isolation.

People geographically isolated on islands far from the nearest mainland or people isolated by deserts or other geographic features have likewise seldom kept up with the progress of others. Again, this was especially so before modern transportation and communication put them more in touch with the rest of the world.

Conversely, urbanized peoples have often been in the vanguard of progress, producing far more of the historic advances of the human race than a similar number of people scattered out in the hinterlands -- even when both were of the same race.

Geography has been a factor in this as well, since not all geographic areas are equally suitable for building big cities. The overwhelming majority of cities have been built on navigable waterways, for example -- and not all regions have navigable waterways available.

Isolation can be man-made, as well as created by nature. Centuries ago, when China was the most advanced nation in the world, its leaders decided to isolate the country from other peoples, all of whom they regarded as barbarians. After a few centuries of isolation, China was shocked to find itself overtaken by others, and to some extent at the mercy of those others.

Demography is yet another reason why some groups have very different outcomes than others. Age differences between groups within a nation, or between whole nations, have often been a decade or even two decades. Peoples with decades of difference in experience are almost guaranteed to have different achievements, whether they belong to the same race or to different races.

There are many differences between races that have nothing to do with either genes or discrimination, but have much to do with their educational, economic, or other outcomes. However, it is a much harder job to examine these many factors, and their complex interactions, than to seize upon whatever happens to be the prevailing theory of the day that may be both easier to grasp and more self-flattering.

Thomas Sowell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. His website is http://www.tsowell.com.
 

Your Opinions and Comments


Be the first to comment on this story!


You must be logged in to post a comment.




Not a subscriber?
Subscriber, but no password?
Forgot password?

Section A: General News Archives


Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. American Legion ceremony (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Annexation for fire services will be on November ballot (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts to honor fallen heroes (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Camino Real plans Open House events (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Chief Hull resigns from Poth police (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. County sets sights on new tax (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Court Update (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: Grim choices have put America in a grave situation (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: On the other side of politics in a world of digital divide (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Fire, EMS services — Who’s got you covered? (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. It’s okay to take control (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Free ride over hard work … a no-brainer! (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Housing Foundation expresses gratitude (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Mainstream media ‘brainwashing’ Hispanic/Latino voters (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Meeting Watch: Wilson County Memorial Hospital District (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Memorial Day office closures (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. One viewpoint: Making Floresville marketable with recreational facilities (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Parish plans Cemetery Ceremony (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police arrest man in case of burned body (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police Blotter (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police ticket six for violating cell phone ban (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Post 539 service (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Poth electric vehicle users could be in for a 'shock' (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Poth High School students earn awards (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Severe storms shred Wilson County (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. SSCA ceremony (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Teacher salaries, student lunch prices on the rise (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Tejano music to fill the air during Labor Day event (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Turner: New businesses coming to Floresville (May 25, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Berger earns Ph.D. from Columbia University (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Brahma Happenings (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Burning body spurs murder investigation (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Can I negotiate? (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Court Update (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: Narrow views promote intellectual, moral dry rot (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: The political climate in America goes from bad to worse (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Falls City ISD’s new K-12 building almost complete (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Floresville parks master plan would relocate ball fields (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Floresville parks plan wins council approval (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Foundation awards $9K in grants (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Foundation opens health grant process (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Graco recalls booster seats (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Grass fires on the rise (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: An open letter to Congress (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Illegal immigration: Who will laugh last? (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: What Hispanic vote? (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Lone Star Greys to meet (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Meeting Watch: La Vernia City Council (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Meeting Watch: Poth ISD (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police Blotter (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police recover one of two stolen trucks (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Register for free watercolor lesson (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Stockdale campus to get upgrade soon (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Stockdale City Council approves electronic payment processing (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. TAMU-SA matches student scholarships (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Time to make plans to attend Jubilee (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Want fire protection? Attend May 19 hearing (May 18, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Acme Gold Buyers marks fifth year in Floresville (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. All Veterans Job Fair (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Cemetery group to meet (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Children’s Alliance enhances care services (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. China Grove mayor, police chief trade barbs at meeting (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Commissioners lukewarm toward hot coffee at library (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Competency and integrity (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Court Update (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Coy to get Ranger Cross (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Cub Scout Roundup (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Donate blood in May (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editor: Trump’s candidacy sets in motion affliction in future elections (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: The voters have spoken — well, some of them have! (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Former Sutherland Springs VFD considered as a substation (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Free caregivers class starts May 26 (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Information sought in Walmart theft (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Lack of super majority vote keeps Clean Water Rule flowing (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Leetter: The government is a terrible investor (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Injection well site is near river, creeks (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Stop being negative (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. LV youths win new wheels at Bike Rodeo (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Meeting Watch: La Vernia ISD (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Mineral rights workshop set (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Miss LV Pageant, Bluebonnet Parade, graduation fill La Vernia calendar (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. New Wilson County justice center nears completion (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Personalized brick for Veterans Memorial (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police Blotter (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Precinct 3 primary runoff is May 24 (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Rangers to honor Lorenz (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Rohrs takes over Floresville athletics (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Tanneberger qualifies for Executive Club membership (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Voters respond: One bond passes, another fails (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Wednesday morning crash injures nine (May 11, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. AACOG plans public meeting (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Accident injures two drivers (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. AgriLife offers tips to protect from Zika, other mosquito-borne diseases (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Behind the lens: Solitary stillness (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Celebration Mass June 12 (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Cemetery association meeting (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Condos are fine, but do your research (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Court Update (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Crime Stoppers aids police anonymously (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. DA, DPS bust nets 86 charges (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Debate over citizens comments dominates Floresville council (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Dwellings At Home offers lodge, ranch furnishings, more (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: Overbearing city council threatens boards’ independence (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: Taking personal responsibility will bring possibilities (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Editorial: Trump is the same old song with one more verse (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. FEDC tables recommendation of master parks plan (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. FELPS tornado repair continues as FEMA help stalls (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Floresville Chamber Luncheon May 18 (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Hall of Fame inductees: Joe Kotwig, Malcolm and Beverly Talley (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Letter: Alamo Colleges: A bust for Floresville (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Local nursing homes plan Senior Olympics May 9-13 (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Look twice for motorcycle riders (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Lyssy’s vault earns gold, sets records! (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Medicaid, CHIP application assistance (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Meeting Watch: Wilson County Commissioners Court (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. National Day of Prayer May 5 (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Police Blotter (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Ramirez promoted to colonel (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Reserve a seat for SA Tea Party (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Tanneberger tops in sales (May 4, 2016)
Full article available to Wilson County News subscribers only. Click here to subscribe. Treviño prepares to take reins of East Central athletics (May 4, 2016)