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Porcine virus found in U.S.
A possible outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) recently has been reported in several states including Minnesota, Iowa, Colorado, and Indiana, according to a May 17 Michigan State University Extension article. This is a new virus to the United States so it is expected that there is no immunity to any swineherd. It is suspected the disease was transmitted via infected pigs, transportation vessels, and contaminated fomites.
The disease has been found in swineherds in Europe and Asia starting in the early 1980s, is similar to transmissible gastroenteritis, and causes severe watery diarrhea in pigs. Morbidity in sows and piglets is high. Mortality, especially in piglets, is also frequent due to dehydration.
There is no treatment for Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea. An emphasis should be made on prevention and control.
This production-related disease, according to a May 20 Meatingplace report, does not affect humans. The virus does not affect pork safety. Pork remains safe to eat.
The news hit the markets hard, with hog futures plummeting in Chicago May 17 after the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced that the virus was identified among hogs in Iowa.
If you suspect clinical signs or have questions about the disease, contact your herd veterinarian.
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