You’ve been granted free access to this subscribers only article.
The seven flags of Texas
Like the United States of America, Texas has a unique and proud flag history. Most people have heard about “The Six Flags of Texas.” Few people, however, have heard about “The Seven Flags of Texas.” In reality, Texas has had even more than seven. All of them flew over Texas at one time or another during its exciting history.
The first flag of Texas was the Spanish flag. Texas belonged to Spain from the first time of Columbus in 1492 until 1821. The Spanish were the first Europeans to wander through the vast expanse of Texas in the early 16th century. They claimed the land for the king of Spain but neglected to establish any settlement to secure its claim. Because France tried to claim Texas, Spain reasserted its claim of ownership in 1691. Spain set into motion a grand plan of establishing a frontier chain of missions, settlements, and military posts called presidios, from which to oversee its claim of Texas.
The second flag of Texas was the French flag. In 1685, Rene Robert Cavalier, Sieur De La Salle, set sail from France to establish a settlement at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Blown off course by storms, he landed at Matagorda Bay on the Gulf Coast and claimed Texas for the king of France. He established the settlement of Fort St. Louis. After five years of hardship, the settlement failed and the French withdrew.
The third flag of Texas was the Green flag carried by the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition in 1812-13. The Republican Army of the North, flying the Green flag, crossed the Sabine in 1812, marched to La Bahia, which is now Goliad, and then to San Antonio. There it established the first Republic of Texas on April 6, 1813, which came to an end at the Battle of Medina on Aug. 18, 1813. So disastrous was this battle that the first Republic of Texas, the battle site, and the Green flag have become almost lost and forgotten in Texas history.
The fourth flag of Texas was the Mexican flag. The late 17th and early 18th centuries saw the decline of Spain’s influence and power in the Western Hemisphere. In 1810, a movement for independence had begun in Mexico. When independence from Spain was finally achieved in 1821, Texas became the northernmost state of Mexico. This flag flew over our state until 1836.
The fifth flag was the Lone Star flag of the Republic of Texas. Santa Anna once said, “The Texans flatter themselves that they have a government, yet they are fighting under no recognized flag or banner.” Immigrant Texans and native-born Mexican Texans fought for independence under banners and flags of many symbols and colors. Not until three years after the Texas Revolution of 1836 did the Republic officially choose a national flag. Texas was an independent nation among the nations of the world from 1836 to 1846.
The sixth flag of Texas was the flag of the United States of America. Texas was annexed to the United States in 1846 to become the 28th state of the USA.
The seventh flag was the Confederate flag. Texas was a part of the Confederacy from 1861-65. After the War Between the States, Texas resumed its place in the union of states, and since that time, Texas has been a proud part of the United States of America.
The Texas flag is the only flag that can be flown on the same level as the United States flag. When Texas became a republic, it was on the same level as Spain, England, and France.
Rudy Elizondo is Julia Castro’s nephew and formerly of Floresville.
Your Opinions and Comments
Be the first to comment on this story!
You must be logged in to post a comment.
South Texas Living Archives
Behind the lens: Cover photo (August 26, 2015)
Cody Johnson to rock Nixon Feather Fest (August 26, 2015)
Dance in Geronimo (August 26, 2015)
Enjoy Fall Feast in Garfield (August 26, 2015)
Franklin Mint (August 26, 2015)
Got prayer? ‘War Room’ does (August 26, 2015)
He’s lived a sweet, gentle life (August 26, 2015)
Kerrville Fall Music Fest Sept. 4-6 (August 26, 2015)
LV prepares for Hammerfest (August 26, 2015)
Memories soar during Honor Flight (August 26, 2015)
St. Hedwig Legion plans Warrior Cry fund-raiser (August 26, 2015)
Whit’s Initiative donates to children’s home (August 26, 2015)
A window to their world (August 19, 2015)
Behind the lens: Cover photo (August 19, 2015)
Gillespie County Fair, horse racing meet (August 19, 2015)
LBJ autograph (August 19, 2015)
Lutheran youth plan donation fund-raiser (August 19, 2015)
Purchase tickets for veteran fund-raiser (August 19, 2015)
Receive blessing, sundaes (August 19, 2015)
Remembering Coach Henry Tomerlin (August 19, 2015)
The importance of vaccinating your pets (August 19, 2015)
Tickets on sale for Wild Game Dinner (August 19, 2015)
AgapeFest is Aug. 22 (August 12, 2015)
Age Well, Live Well event (August 12, 2015)
Back-to-school carnival (August 12, 2015)
Barbecue benefit for Logan Saenz Aug. 16 (August 12, 2015)
Behind the lens: Cover photo (August 12, 2015)
Bible study in Verdi (August 12, 2015)
Falls City alumni celebrate Beaver Roundup (August 12, 2015)
Free family recycling event (August 12, 2015)
H-E-B invites Texans to shed pounds, gain dollars (August 12, 2015)
Hear country tunes in New Braunfels (August 12, 2015)
Labor Day campout (August 12, 2015)
Play bunco in La Vernia (August 12, 2015)
Prescription-free healing pleasures of summer (August 12, 2015)
Remembering the Farmer’s Daughter Dance Hall (August 12, 2015)
Sunday Country Dance set for Aug. 16 (August 12, 2015)
Tabletop radio (August 12, 2015)
Three Oaks Ice Cream Social (August 12, 2015)
Behind the lens: Cover photo (August 5, 2015)
Classic cookbook (August 5, 2015)
Farmers Market in Loire (August 5, 2015)
Floresville Leo Club Back to School event (August 5, 2015)
Get set to get wet at Splash-O-Lympics (August 5, 2015)
Hear Chris Rybak at Czech Gala (August 5, 2015)
Pilgrim Opry is Aug. 8 (August 5, 2015)
Prom date grows into enduring love — 15 years later (August 5, 2015)
Rey Feo group to award scholarships (August 5, 2015)
Savor: Lemon Pesto Mason Jar Pasta Salad (August 5, 2015)
St. Gerard Rummage Sale Aug. 8 (August 5, 2015)
Stockdale Leo Club fund-raisers (August 5, 2015)
The Floresville, Wilson County story from days gone by (August 5, 2015)
‘The’ rock wall: Searching for answers (August 5, 2015)