New swine health statement requirement for movement
With a number of cases of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) confirmed in the United States, the Texas Animal Health Commission has issued a new swine health requirement.
The porcine epidemic diarrhea virus is similar to transmissible gastroenteritis, another disease only affecting pigs. It is not zoonotic, so therefore it poses no risk to other animals or humans. Also, it poses no risk to food safety.
The Texas Animal Health Commission, as of early February, requires a certificate of veterinary inspection accompanying non-commercial hogs entering Texas for purposes other than immediate slaughter. The certificate must contain the following statement from the issuing veterinarian, “To the best of my knowledge, swine represented on this certificate have not originated from a premises known to be affected by Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDv), and have not been exposed to PEDv within the last 30 days.”
This is not a new virus, nor is it a regulatory/reportable disease. Since porcine epidemic diarrhea virus is widespread in many countries, it is not a trade-restricting disease, but rather a production-related disease.
The virus is transmitted via the fecal-oral route and may appear to be the same as transmissible gastroenteritis virus with acute diarrhea within 12 to 36 hours of onset. Laboratory testing is the only way to diagnose this virus.
According to the National Animal Health Laboratory Network, Texas’ first case was confirmed in July 2013. As of April 9, 55 cases have been confirmed in Texas. Iowa, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Illinois have reported between 492 and 1,745 cases, with Iowa leading the nation.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, state animal health officials, the American Association of Swine Veterinarians, and veterinarians at the National Pork Board are actively monitoring this disease and will make recommendations to producers as necessary.
As always, producers who see any signs of illness in their pigs should notify their herd veterinarian immediately to address the issue.
Sources: Texas Animal Health Commission, National Pork Board, and the American Association of Swine Veterinarians.