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State confirms anthrax case
The first anthrax case in Texas for 2014 has been confirmed in a goat in Kinney County. The premises, according to a June 30 Texas Animal Health Commission press release, is located 4 miles north of Brackettville. The animal health agency has quarantined the premises. The Texas Animal Health Commission’s rules require proper disposal of affected carcasses and vaccination of cattle on the premises prior to release of the quarantine.
Anthrax is a bacterial disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, which is a naturally occurring organism with worldwide distribution, including certain parts of Texas. It is not uncommon for anthrax to be diagnosed in livestock or wildlife in the southwestern part of the state. A vaccine is available for use in susceptible livestock in high-risk areas.
Acute fever followed by rapid death with bleeding from body openings are common signs of anthrax in livestock. Carcasses may also appear bloated and appear to decompose quickly. Livestock or animals displaying symptoms consistent with anthrax should be reported to a private veterinary practitioner or a Texas Animal Health Commission official. If affected livestock or carcasses must be handled, producers are encouraged to follow basic sanitation precautions such as wearing protective gloves, long-sleeved shirts, and washing thoroughly afterward to prevent accidental spread of the bacteria to people.
For more information, call 1-800-550-8242.
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